Henry Beaufort Earl of Morteign, Duke of Somerset, K.G. 661
- Born: 1436 661
- Partnership (1): Joane Hill 853
- Died: 1464 (Executed) 661,844
Noted events in his life were:
• Illegitimate Son. 844 Henry had never married but he left a bastard son, Charles Somerset, born around 1460. Charles later became the Earl of Worcester and died in 1526. The present Duke of Beaufort, whose dukedom was created in 1682 by Charles II is descended from him.
There is an amusing but probably false story of how Henry Charles FitzRoy, eighth Duke of Beaufort, showed Queen Victoria documents containing proof that John of Gaunt had married Katherine and fathered John Beaufort before the birth of Henry IV, thus rendering spurious the claims of every English sovereign after 1399. Victoria is said to have thanked him for bringing the papers to her attention and then promptly threw them into the fire.
• Military and Offices. 853 Henry was a very distinguished personage in the York and Lancastrian contest. He was a staunch Lancastrian. Henry VI made him governor of the Isle of Wight and captain of Calais.
When the Lancastrians lost at the battle of Towton on 12 March 1461, he fled with the defeated King and was accused of abandoning him and making his peace with the new King (Edward IV). He was taken into the favor of the new King and obtained a grant of 1000marks per annum.
When Margaret of Anjou appeared in the north at the head of a considerable force, he resumed "the Red Rose" but fell into the hands of the Yorkists ("White Rose") at Hexham in 1463. He was beheaded the day after the battle.
Henry had a relationship with Joane Hill.853