Hugh Bigod 1st Earl of Norfolk 1042
- Born: 1095, Of, Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, England 1025,1042
- Christened: Of, Framlingham, Suffolk, England 1025
- Marriage (1): Juliane De Vere about 1149 1025
- Marriage (2): Gundreda Unknown
- Died: 1177, Thetford Abbey, Norfolk, England at age 82 1042,1043
- Buried: Thetford Abbey, Norfolk, England 1025
Noted events in his life were:
• Office, 1120-1123. 610 Hugh appears as the king's "dapifer" or steward, in 1123. Before that he was constable of Norwich Castle and governor of the city down to 1122 when it obtained a charter from the crown.
• Rebel, 1135 and on. 1044 Hugh appears to have surpassed his fellows in acts of desertion and treachery and to have been never more in his element than when in rebellion.
His first prominent action in history was on the death of Henry I in 1135 when he is said to have hastened to England and to have sworn to Archbishop William Corbois that the dying king on some quarrel with his dauther Matilda, had disenherited her and named Stephen of Blois his successor. Stephen's prompt arrival in England settled the matter and the wavering prelate placed the crown on his head. Hugh's reward was the earldom of Norfolk.
In the next year, when the King was ill and news of his death had spread, there was a rising of turbulent barons and Hugh was the first to take up arms. Hugh seized and held Norwich but the King recovered, seized the city and Hugh was compelled to surrender. The King spared the traitor but in 1140, Hugh is said to have declared for the Empress and to have stood a seige in his castle of Bungay. However, in the next years, Hugh was in the ranks of Stephen's army that fought the disasterous battle of Lincoln.
In the next several years, Hugh was either consolidating his own power or siding with Henry's invading forces from France. Even after Henry came to power, Hugh had to be put down. In 1169, Hugh was named among those who were excommunicated by Becket over a land deal in Norfolk. Later, Hugh sided with young prince Henry against the King. Hugh had to negotiate his way out of this one.
• Switches sides, 1153. When Henry of Anjou landed to assert his claim to the throne, Hugh threw in his lot with the rising power and held out at Ipswitch against Stephen's forces while Henry on the other side laid siege to Stamford. Ipswitch fell but Stephen was in no position to punish the rebel.
On Henry's accession in 1154, Hugh at once received a confirmation of his earldom and stewardship by charter issued appently in January of the next year.
Hugh married Juliane De Vere, daughter of Aubrey II De Vere Sheriff of London and Lady Adeliza (Alice) de Clare, about 1149.1025 (Juliane De Vere was born in 1116 in Hedingham, Essex, England 1025 and died in 1199-1200 1025.)
Noted events in their marriage were:
• Dissolved, Bef 1156. 1045 This marriage was dissolved before 1156.
Hugh next married Gundreda Unknown.