Louis I "the Pious" Carolingian 1105,1117
- Born: 16 Apr 778, Casseneuil, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine, France 1105,1117
- Marriage (1): Ermengarde of Hesbaye circa 794 1116
- Marriage (2): Judith von Altdorf
- Died: 20 Jun 840, Ingelheim, Mainz-Bingen, Rheinland-Pfaltz, Germany at age 62 1105,1117
- Buried: Metz, Frankrijk 1117
Noted events in his life were:
• Became King, 814, France. 1118 Charlemagne had provided for his kingdom to be divided up between his three sons, Charles, Pippin and Louis after his death. However, Charles and Pippen died before their father so the entire kingdom went to Louis.
• Successors and strife. 1114 In 817, following an accident in which he narrowly escaped death, Louis made provision for the succession. Instead of providing for an equal dividion of the empire between his sons, he appointed his eldest son Lothar as co-emperor and granted his younger sons Pippin and Louis subkingdoms in Aquitaine and Germany. This settlement unravelled when Louis decided to marry Judith of Bavaria in 819 after the death of his first wife the year before. In 823 Judith bore Louis another son, Charles (the Bald).
Louis could only provide Charles with a suitable inheritance at the expense of his elder brothers. When Louis granted Charles his own dubkingdom in 829, Lothar, backed by his brothers, rebelled and deposed him. Charles was excluded from the succession but this seemed grossly unjust to Frankish traditionalists. With their support, Louis was restored in 830, but the problem of the succession continued to fester for the remainder of his reigh, steadily undermining the strong royal authority on which Charlemagne's military system was based. Following Louis' death in 840, a civil war broke out between his three surviving sons, Lothar, Louis and Charles which resulted in a tripartite dividion of the empire at the Treaty of Verdun in 843.
Louis married Ermengarde of Hesbaye, daughter of Ingerman of Hesbaye and Hedwig of Bavaria, circa 794.1116 (Ermengarde of Hesbaye was born circa 778 1116 and died on 3 Oct 818 1116.)
Louis next married Judith von Altdorf, daughter of Welf Der Welfen and Heilwig (Hedwig) von Saxony (van Sacksen). (Judith von Altdorf was born in 800 in Altdorf, Bavaria, Germany 1119 and died on 19 Apr 843 in Tours, Indre-Et-Loire, France 1119.)