Phillip Callendar 288
- Born: Cir 1675, West of England 286,288,289
- Marriage (1): Mary Eaton in 1703 in Swansea, MA 286,287
- Died: 14 Oct 1743, Sheffield, Berkshire, Massachusetts about age 68 286,288
Noted events in his life were:
• Ship Captain, 1712-1718. 290 Phillip was captain the sloop Ann in 1712 and was master of the sloop Mary 1718.
• Residences, 1718-1745. 290 Phillip's sloop the Mary left Newport RI in 1718. He left there in 1730 and bought a home in Turnich, MA in 1731. He later moved to Sheffield, MA and was one of the original proprietors. He was a selectman in Sheffield in 1743.
• Will Proved, 30 Oct 1749, Sheffield, MA.
• Sheffield Resolves, 12 Jan 1773. Phillip was a part of the group of Sheffield citizens that drafted the Sheffield Declaration or Resolves.
The Sheffield Declaration, also known as the Sheffield Resolves, was a Colonial American petition against British tyranny and manifesto for individual rights, drawn up as a series of resolves approved by the Town of Sheffield on January 12, 1773 and printed in The Massachusetts Spy, Or, Thomas's Boston Journal on February 18, 1773. The meeting took place in the home of Colonel John Ashley, a registered National Historic Landmark in Ashley Falls, a neighborhood of Sheffield, Massachusetts.
The resolves were debated and approved by a committee of eleven local citizens: Deacon Silas Kellog, Col. John Ashley (committee moderator), Dr. Lemuel Bernard, Aaron Root, Major John Fellows, Philip Callender, Capt. William Day, Deacon Ebenezer Smith Capt. Daniel Austin, Capt. Stephen Dewey and Theodore Sedgwick who wrote the text.
The Declaration's first resolution was that "Mankind in a state of nature are equal, free, and independent of each other, and have a right to the undisturbed enjoyment of their lives, their liberty and property," These words are echoed in the most famous line of Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence three years later: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
Phillip married Mary Eaton, daughter of Jonas Eaton and Hannah Mason, in 1703 in Swansea, MA 286.,287 (Mary Eaton was born on 28 Jul 1683 in West Parish, MA 289,291 and died in 1743 in Sheffield, MA 292.)