Herodias Long


Family Links

1. George Gardiner

2. John Hicks

Herodias Long 1331

  • Born: 1623, Southwark, London, England 1331
  • Partnership (1): George Gardiner in 1640 in Newport, RI 1330
  • Marriage (2): John Hicks in 1636 in London, England 1328
  • Died: Perhaps 1705, Rhode Island 1328,1331

  Noted events in her life were:

Adultery, 12 Oct 1655, Portsmouth, RI. 1328 Oct. 12, 1655 On the last Tuesday of June 1655 George Gardner was accused of adultery at the Quarterly Court of Trials held at Portsmouth. The case was heard three months later in Newport. The court ruled in favor of George Gardner, since Herodias had been officially separated from John Hicks. The account of Herodias' separation in 1644 was entered into the colony's records as evidence.

Second Divorce, 5 Jun 1665, Portsmouth, RI. 1328 George and Herodius were granted a divorce on this date.

John Porter's wife's petition, 5 Jun 1665, Portsmouth, RI. On the same day that George and Herodias Gardner were declared separated, Margaret, the wife of John Porter appeared in court revealing that John had already abandoned her.

When John Porter abandoned his wife to move to his Narragansett land and cohabit with Horod Long, his fine reputation suffered a severe blow. However, as Rhett Butler noted, you don't need a reputation if you have enough money. Porter had plenty of that, even before his Narragansett land dealings.

Cohabitation: Accusation of cohabitation with John Porter, 1668, Newport, RI. 1328 On this date, John Porter finally appeared at the General Court of Trials in Newport, pled not guilty and asked for a jury trial for the crime of cohabitation with Herodius. He was declared not guilty of cohabitation. A man of more modest means or without Porter's stellar record of public service would surely have been fined or whipped for contempt and might have spent time in jail. Herodias did not appear; Porter claimed she was ill, and the court generously delayed her case until October. She may well have felt sick, since a whipping was the result of her 1658 court appearance in Massachusetts. No doubt she was not anxious to repeat the experience.
Oct. 21, 1668 Horrud Long's case finally came to trial, but she did not. She did not attend court, and was represented by John Porter. The evidence clearing her was not recorded, but the jury found her not guilty.

Herodias had a relationship with George Gardiner, son of Rev. Michael Gardiner and Margaret Browne, in 1640 in Newport, RI.1330 (George Gardiner was born on 15 Feb 1599 in Greenford Magna, Middlesex, England 1332 and died in 1677 in Newport, RI 1332.)

  Noted events in their marriage were:

Possible Marriage, 1644, Rhode Island. 1328 After John Hicks had gone to New Amsterdam, George Gardner and Herodias appeared before their friends, including Robert Stanton: "who declared one night at his house both of them did say before him and his wife that they did take one the other as man and wife."

Such informal marriages may have been fairly common in 17th century Rhode Island. People were coming to the colonies by the shipload, and did it really matter whether a newly arrived couple had actually spoken vows before a preacher? As the years passed, common-law marriages were less tolerated, and new laws demanded that such couples wed and have their children baptized, or face punishment. In 1665 Herodias portrayed her relationship with George: "I being one not brought up to Labour and Young, knew not what to doe to have something to live Having noe friend; in which straight I was drawne by Georg Gardener to Consent to hime soe fare as I did for mayntenance; yett with much oppression of spiritt, Judging hime not to be my husband never being married to him according to the Law of the place."

Herodias next married John Hicks in 1636 in London, England.1328 (John Hicks died in May 1672 in Prob Hempstead, NY 1328.)

  Noted events in their marriage were:

Divorce, 1 Jun 1655, New AmNew Amsterdam. 1328 John Hicks was granted a divorce from Herodius and soon thereafter married his second wife. Hicks had abandoned Herodius several years earlier when he left Rhode Island for New Amsterdam.

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