Humphrey Stafford First Duke Buckingham, Sixth Duke Stafford 1126,1180,1577
- Born: 15 Aug 1402, Stafford, Staffordshire, England 1126,1180,1578
- Marriage (1): Anne de Neville of Buckingham before 18 Oct 1424 1576
- Died: 27 Jul 1460, Battle of Northampton, Northamptonshire, England at age 57 1126,1578,1579
- Buried: Grey Friars, Northampton, England 1579
Noted events in his life were:
• Battle of Northampton, 10 Jul 1460, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England. The Battle of Northampton was fought on 10 July 1460 near the River Nene, Northamptonshire. It was a major battle of the Wars of the Roses. The opposing forces were an army led by nobles loyal to the King Henry VI of the House of Lancaster, his Queen Margaret of Anjou and their seven year-old son Edward, Prince of Wales on one side, and the army of Edward, Earl of March and Warwick the Kingmaker, Richard Neville,16th_Earl_of_Warwick on the other.
On 26 June 1460, Warwick, Salisbury and Edward landed at Sandwich with 2,000 men at arms. King Henry VI and his Queen, Margaret of Anjou , were at Coventry with their small army. Warwick entered London on 2 July with an army of supporters numbering approximately 10,000.
The King's forces took up a defensive position at Northampton , in the grounds of Delapré Abbey , with their backs to the River Nene , with a water-filled ditch in front of them topped with stakes. The defending army was around 5,000 strong, consisting mainly of men-at-arms. The Lancastrians also had some field artillery.
While approaching, Warwick sent a delegate to negotiate with the King on his behalf. The Lancastrian commander, the Duke of Buckingham, Humphrey_Stafford, replied "The Earl of Warwick shall not come to the King's presence and if he comes he shall die." During Warwick's advance to Northampton he was twice more denied access to the King's person. Once in position, he sent a message that read "At 2 o'clock I will speak with the King or I will die".
At two o'clock the Yorkists advanced. The men were in column, but the hard rain blowing in their faces somewhat hindered them. As they closed with the Lancastrians, Warwick was met by a fierce hail of arrows, but the rain had rendered the Lancastrian collection of cannon quite useless.
When Warwick reached the Lancastrian left flank, commanded by Lord Grey of Ruthin treachery ensued. Grey had his men lay down their weapons and simply allow the Yorkists to have easy access into the camp beyond. This treachery was the result of a secret message from Lord Grey to March saying that he would change sides if the Yorkists would back him in a property dispute with Lord Fanhope. Certainly Warwick had ordered his men not to lay violent hands on ordinary soldiers '96 especially those wearing the black ragged staff of Lord Grey's men. There may also have been inducements and promises of high office by Warwick. Grey became Treasurer of England in 1463. After this, the battle lasted a mere thirty minutes. The defenders were unable to manoeuvre inside the fortifications, and fled the field as their line was rolled up by attacking Yorkists.
The Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Shrewsbury , Lord Egremont and Lord Beaumont all died trying to save Henry from the Yorkists closing on his tent. Three hundred other Lancastrians were slain in the battle. King Henry VI was captured by an archer, Henry Mountfort.
Humphrey married Anne de Neville of Buckingham, daughter of Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG and Lady Joan (Jean) Beaufort Countess of Westmorland, before 18 Oct 1424.1576 (Anne de Neville of Buckingham was born about 1411 1126 and died in 1480 1126.)