Sir Robert Clifford 1º Baron Clifford 668,1761
- Born: 1 Apr 1274, Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England 668,1760,1761
- Marriage (1): Maud (Matilda) De Clare in 1295 in Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England 1760
- Marriage (2): Maud (Matilda) De Clare in 1295 in Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England 937
- Died: 24 Jun 1314, Battle of Bannockburn, Stirling, Scotland at age 40 668,1760,1761
- Buried: Shap Abbey, Westmoreland, England 1760
Noted events in his life were:
• Biography. 668 Robert inherited his mother's half of the Vipont estates in 1291 and following the death of his aunt Idonea in 1308 he was able to reunite the two halves of the Vipont estates under the Clifford name. Robert was very active against the Scots from a very early age and in 1296/7 along with Henry Percy he was ordered to invade Scotland. Scots, who were camped at Irvine, quickly asked for terms rather than fight the combined cavalries of Percy and Clifford. Robert was appointed Governor of Carlisle, captain and guardian of the Scottish marches and of the county of Cumberland. Lord Clifford took part in the battle of Falkirk that saw King Edward I's decisive victory over William Wallace and was rewarded with the governorship of Nottingham Castle. Robert was present at the death of Edward I in 1307 and along with the Earls of Lincoln, Warwick and Pembroke he was appointed counsellor to Edward II and in the same year the new King appointed him as the Justiciar (Prime Minister at the time) of England South of the Trent. In 1310 Edward II granted him Skipton Castle and the Honour of Skipton in Craven. Robert Clifford had promised the dying Edward I that he would not let Piers Gaveston lead the new King astray so in May 1312, along with the Earl of Lancaster, he besieged Scarborough Castle where Gaveston had taken refuge. Gaveston soon surrendered and was executed without trial. Robert was appointed Governor of Norham Castle in 1314 as he mustered men for what was to become know as the battle of Bannockburn. King Edward's army was defeated on 24th Jun 1314 and among the English dead was Robert.
• Title. 1762 Baron de Clifford is a title in the Peerage of England . It was created in 1299 for Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford (c.1274-1314), feudal baron of Clifford in Herefordshire, feudal baron of Skipton in Yorkshire and feudal baron of Appleby in Westmoreland. The title was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines.
• Service to the King. 1760 After the death of King Edward I in 1307, he was appointed counsellor to Edward II , together with the Earl of Lincoln , Earl of Warwick and Earl of Pembroke . In the same year of 1307 the new king Edward II appointed him Marshal of England and in this capacity he probably organised Edward II's coronation on 25 February 1308.
Robert married Maud (Matilda) De Clare, daughter of Thomas De Clare and Juliana Fitzgerald (Fitzmaurice) Lady of Thomond, in 1295 in Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England.1760 (Maud (Matilda) De Clare was born circa 1276 in Bunratty Castle, Clare, Ireland 1763 and died on 1 Mar 1327 in Castle Clifford, Hay, Herefordshire, England 1763,1764.)
Robert next married Maud (Matilda) De Clare, daughter of Thomas De Clare and Juliana Fitzgerald (Fitzmaurice) Lady of Thomond, in 1295 in Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, England.937 (Maud (Matilda) De Clare was born circa 1276 in Bunratty Castle, Clare, Ireland 1763 and died on 1 Mar 1327 in Castle Clifford, Hay, Herefordshire, England 1763,1764.)