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, Edward III of England (King )
Philippa of Hainault
de Roλt, Gilles (Paon) (Sir )
(1305-After 1352)
Unknown (2)
of England, John (of Gaunt) Duke of Lancaster, Duke of Aquitane (Prince )
de Roλt, Katherine Duchess of Lancaster
(After 1348-1403)
de Beaufort, Joan (Jean) (Countess )


Family Links

1. de Ferrers, Robert 3rd Lord Ferrers (of Wem)

2. Neville (I), Ralph Earl of Westmorland, sixth Baron of Raby

de Beaufort, Joan (Jean) (Countess )

  • Born: early 1377, Pleshy Castle near Chelmsford, Essex, England 211,212
  • Marriage (1): de Ferrers, Robert 3rd Lord Ferrers (of Wem) in 1391 in Chateau de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, France 207
  • Marriage (2): Neville (I), Ralph Earl of Westmorland, sixth Baron of Raby on 29 Nov 1396
  • Died: 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England at age 63 209
  • Buried: Lincoln Cathedral in the same crypt as her mother 205,213

bullet  Noted events in her life were:

• Care for the Queen, 4 Nov 1396, Calais, France. 214 When Richard and Isabella were married, she was only 6 years old. Her care was given by King Richard to Katherine Plantagenet-Swinford, who was then the Duchess of Lancaster, to Joan Beaufort and several other senior royal ladies.

• Joan's step-children. 215 Margaret Stafford and Ralph had twelve children. So Joan became step-mother to a sizable family on her second marriage to Ralph. Those twelve children would have little cause to love her in the future.

• Home, After 1396. 216 The Neville estates were in Durham and Yorkshire and Joan and Ralph were to make their home there.

• Lady of the Garter, 1399. 205 Joan was made a lady of the Garter by King Richard III.

• Aids rebellion, Summer 1399. 217 Joan's husband, Ralph, aided Henry, Duke of Lancaster, when Henry deposed King Richard II during the summer of 1399. Richard abdicated on Sept 29 and Henry was proclaimed King the next day. Henry soon restored lands taken from the Beauforts by King Richard.

• Relationship to the King. 218 Joan and her husband Ralph were always on good terms with King Henry.

• Links to royalty. 218 Joan and Ralph would have fifteen children including Richard Neville who would grow up to be the famous Earl of Salisbury and the father of Warwick the Kingmaker, another Ralph Neville.. By 1450, through a series of alliances, the Nevilles and the Beauforts would be linked by blood or marriage to every noble family in England.

• Disinherited children, 1404. 219 Joan's second husband Ralph, conscious of his second wife's royal connections and dynastic importance, disinherited his legitimate son by his first wife, Margaret, in favor of his children with Joan. This proviked a legal wrangle that would drag on for years but in which the ruthlessly determined Joan would ultimatly triumph.

• Character. 219 Joan proved to be a strong-willed, formidable lady with wide literary interests - she like pious works, romances and histories and the poet Thomas Hocclave dedicated a book to her. She also demonstrated a deep religious piety that embraced the mysticism of Margery Kempe, the holy woman of Lynn.

• Grandmother of Kings. 220 Through advantageous marriages, Joan's neville children came to be related to nearly every peer in the realm.

In 1461, her grandson, Edward, Earl of March, deposed Henry VI and seized the throne as Edward IV, first sovereign of the House of York. Henry was briefly restored in 1470 through the machinations of the man who had once been the mainstay of Edward's throne, Warwick the Kingmaker, another of Joan's grandsons.

In 1471, henry VI was murdered and the firect line of the royal House of Lancaster, the kings descended from John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, became extinct.

In 1483, Edward IV died and yet another of Joan's grandsons, Richard III, ascended the throne.


Joan married Robert de Ferrers 3rd Lord Ferrers (of Wem), son of Robert Ferrers 2nd Lord Ferrers (of Wem) and Elizabeth le Botiler Baroness le Botiler, in 1391 in Chateau de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, France.207 (Robert de Ferrers 3rd Lord Ferrers (of Wem) was born about 1373 in Willisham, Suffolk, England 207,209 and died before 29 Nov 1396 207,209.)


Joan next married Ralph Neville (I) Earl of Westmorland, sixth Baron of Raby, son of John de Neville (III) Lord of Neville; 3rd Baron Raby, on 29 Nov 1396. (Ralph Neville (I) Earl of Westmorland, sixth Baron of Raby was born in 1364,221 died in 1425 221 and was buried in Staindrop Church, County Durham, England 213.)

bullet  Noted events in their marriage were:

• Children. 222 Joan was Ralph's second wife. He had nine children with his first wife Margaret.
With Joan, Ralph had 14 children:
-Lady Katherine Neville </wiki/Lady_Katherine_Neville>, married first on 12 January </wiki/January_12> 1411 </wiki/1411> John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk </wiki/John_Mowbray,_2nd_Duke_of_Norfolk>; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont </w/index.php?title=John_Beaumont,_1st_Viscount_Beaumont,_6th_Baron_Beaumont&action=edit&redlink=1>; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August </wiki/August_12> 1469 </wiki/1469>).
-Lady Eleanor Neville </wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Neville> (1398-1472), married first Richard le Despencer, 4th Baron Burghersh </w/index.php?title=Richard_le_Despencer,_4th_Baron_Burghersh&action=edit&redlink=1>, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland </wiki/Henry_Percy,_2nd_Earl_of_Northumberland>
-Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury </wiki/Richard_Neville,_5th_Earl_of_Salisbury> (1400-1460)
-Robert Neville </wiki/Robert_Neville> (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham </wiki/Bishop_of_Durham>
-William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent </wiki/William_Neville,_1st_Earl_of_Kent> (d. 1463)
-Edward Neville, 1st Lord Bergavenny </wiki/Edward_Nevill,_3rd_Baron_Bergavenny> (d. 1476)
-Anne Neville (1414-1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham </wiki/Humphrey_Stafford,_1st_Duke_of_Buckingham>
-Cecily Neville </wiki/Cecily_Neville> (1415-1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York </wiki/Richard,_3rd_Duke_of_York>; mother of Kings Edward IV of England </wiki/Edward_IV_of_England> and Richard III of England </wiki/Richard_III_of_England>
-George Neville, 1st Baron Latymer </wiki/George_Neville,_1st_Baron_Latymer> (d. 1469)
-John Neville (1387 - 20 Mar 1420)
-Cuthbert Neville, died young
-Thomas Neville, died young
-Henry Neville, died young
-Joan Neville, who became a nun

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