King Edward III of England
(1312-1377)
Philippa of Hainault
(1311-1369)
Sir Gilles (Paon) de Roλt
(1305-After 1352)
Prince John (of Gaunt) K. G. Earl of Richmond, Duke of Lancaster,
(1340-1399)
Katherine de Roλt Duchess of Lancaster
(After 1348-1403)
Lady Joan (Jean) Beaufort Countess of Westmorland
(1377-1440)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Sir Robert de Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers (of Wemme)

2. Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG
3. Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG

Lady Joan (Jean) Beaufort Countess of Westmorland 650

  • Born: early 1377, Pleshy Castle near Chelmsford, Essex, England 646,647
  • Marriage (1): Sir Robert de Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers (of Wemme) in 1391 in Chateau de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, France 638
  • Marriage (2): Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG
  • Marriage (3): Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG on 3 Feb 1397 in Beaufort Castle, Anjon, France 649
  • Died: 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England at age 63 642
  • Buried: Lincoln Cathedral in the same crypt as her mother 635,648

  Noted events in her life were:

• Birth: Kettlethorpe, England. 651 Joan may have been born in her mother's house at Kettlethorpe (Lincolnshire) where John of Gaunt stayed for three days in 1379.

It is also possible that Joan as an infant had a connection with Joan de Bohun, Countess of Hereford. This spirited young widow, who often resided in Essex, was to become a power there. John of Gaunt's close relationship with Countess Joan and the fact that Katherine's daughter received the same baptismal name, raise the possibilities that Joan was born in the Countess's household, that the Countess stood godmother to her and took a part in her upbringing.

• Second Marriage, 1396. 652 When Joan's first husband died, she was in the uncomfortable position of being a landless widow with tow infants to raise. However, her prospects changed in 1396 by the marriage of her parents, John and Katherine.

Less than two months after the issue of the papal bull legitimizing Joan and her brothers, Joan married Ralph Neville, a wealthy baron aged about thirty-two with a distinguished ancestry. He had been widowed less than six months before he married Joan.

• Care for the Queen, 4 Nov 1396, Calais, France. 653 When Richard and Isabella were married, she was only 6 years old. Her care was given by King Richard to Katherine Plantagenet-Swinford, who was then the Duchess of Lancaster, to Joan Beaufort and several other senior royal ladies.

• Joan's step-children. 654 Margaret Stafford and Ralph had twelve children. So Joan became step-mother to a sizable family on her second marriage to Ralph. Those twelve children would have little cause to love her in the future.

• Home, After 1396. 655 The Neville estates were in Durham and Yorkshire and Joan and Ralph were to make their home there.

• Lady of the Garter, 1399. 635 Joan was made a lady of the Garter by King Richard III.

• Aids rebellion, Summer 1399. 656 Joan's husband, Ralph, aided Henry, Duke of Lancaster, when Henry deposed King Richard II during the summer of 1399. Richard abdicated on Sept 29 and Henry was proclaimed King the next day. Henry soon restored lands taken from the Beauforts by King Richard.

• Relationship to the King. 657 Joan and her husband Ralph were always on good terms with King Henry.

• Links to royalty. 657 Joan and Ralph would have fifteen children including Richard Neville who would grow up to be the famous Earl of Salisbury and the father of Warwick the Kingmaker, another Ralph Neville.. By 1450, through a series of alliances, the Nevilles and the Beauforts would be linked by blood or marriage to every noble family in England.

• Disinherited children, 1404. 658 Joan's second husband Ralph, conscious of his second wife's royal connections and dynastic importance, disinherited his legitimate son by his first wife, Margaret, in favor of his children with Joan. This proviked a legal wrangle that would drag on for years but in which the ruthlessly determined Joan would ultimatly triumph.

• Character. 658 Joan proved to be a strong-willed, formidable lady with wide literary interests - she like pious works, romances and histories and the poet Thomas Hocclave dedicated a book to her. She also demonstrated a deep religious piety that embraced the mysticism of Margery Kempe, the holy woman of Lynn.

• Grandmother of Kings. 659 Through advantageous marriages, Joan's neville children came to be related to nearly every peer in the realm.

In 1461, her grandson, Edward, Earl of March, deposed Henry VI and seized the throne as Edward IV, first sovereign of the House of York. Henry was briefly restored in 1470 through the machinations of the man who had once been the mainstay of Edward's throne, Warwick the Kingmaker, another of Joan's grandsons.

In 1471, henry VI was murdered and the firect line of the royal House of Lancaster, the kings descended from John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, became extinct.

In 1483, Edward IV died and yet another of Joan's grandsons, Richard III, ascended the throne.

• Final years, 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England. 660 Joan stayed at Howden, probably in its fine modernised manor-house, beside the magnificent parish church. She died there on 13 Nov 1440.


Joan married Sir Robert de Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers (of Wemme), son of Robert de Ferrers 2nd Lord Ferrers (of Wem), Knt. and Elizabeth le Botiler Baroness le Botiler, in 1391 in Chateau de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, France.638 (Sir Robert de Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers (of Wemme) was born about 1373 in Willisham, Suffolk, England 638,641,642 and died before 29 Nov 1396 638,641,642.)

  Noted events in their marriage were:

• Marriage. 645 Before he set off in1386 to attempt to gain the Crown of Castile, John of Gaunt arranged for Joan's marriage to one of his knights, Robert Ferrers. He was appropriate to Joan's illegitimate status.


Joan next married Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG, son of John (III) de Neville KG, Lord of Neville; 3rd Baron Raby and Maud de Percy Lady Neville. (Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG was born on 15 Sep 1364 in Raby Castle, Durham, England,649,661,662 died on 21 Oct 1425 in Raby Castle, Durham, England 649,661 and was buried in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England 648,649.)


Joan next married Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG, son of John (III) de Neville KG, Lord of Neville; 3rd Baron Raby and Maud de Percy Lady Neville, on 3 Feb 1397 in Beaufort Castle, Anjon, France.649 (Ralph Neville First Earl of Westmorland 6th Baron Raby KG was born on 15 Sep 1364 in Raby Castle, Durham, England,649,661,662 died on 21 Oct 1425 in Raby Castle, Durham, England 649,661 and was buried in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England 648,649.)

  Noted events in their marriage were:

• Children. 663 Joan was Ralph's second wife. He had nine children with his first wife Margaret.
With Joan, Ralph had 14 children:
-Lady Katherine Neville </wiki/Lady_Katherine_Neville>, married first on 12 January </wiki/January_12> 1411 </wiki/1411> John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk </wiki/John_Mowbray,_2nd_Duke_of_Norfolk>; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont </w/index.php?title=John_Beaumont,_1st_Viscount_Beaumont,_6th_Baron_Beaumont&action=edit&redlink=1>; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August </wiki/August_12> 1469 </wiki/1469>).
-Lady Eleanor Neville </wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Neville> (1398-1472), married first Richard le Despencer, 4th Baron Burghersh </w/index.php?title=Richard_le_Despencer,_4th_Baron_Burghersh&action=edit&redlink=1>, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland </wiki/Henry_Percy,_2nd_Earl_of_Northumberland>
-Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury </wiki/Richard_Neville,_5th_Earl_of_Salisbury> (1400-1460)
-Robert Neville </wiki/Robert_Neville> (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham </wiki/Bishop_of_Durham>
-William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent </wiki/William_Neville,_1st_Earl_of_Kent> (d. 1463)
-Edward Neville, 1st Lord Bergavenny </wiki/Edward_Nevill,_3rd_Baron_Bergavenny> (d. 1476)
-Anne Neville (1414-1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham </wiki/Humphrey_Stafford,_1st_Duke_of_Buckingham>
-Cecily Neville </wiki/Cecily_Neville> (1415-1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York </wiki/Richard,_3rd_Duke_of_York>; mother of Kings Edward IV of England </wiki/Edward_IV_of_England> and Richard III of England </wiki/Richard_III_of_England>
-George Neville, 1st Baron Latymer </wiki/George_Neville,_1st_Baron_Latymer> (d. 1469)
-John Neville (1387 - 20 Mar 1420)
-Cuthbert Neville, died young
-Thomas Neville, died young
-Henry Neville, died young
-Joan Neville, who became a nun




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