Cardinal Henry Beaufort Bishop of Wincester 661
- Born: 1375 718
- Died: 11 Apr 1447, Wolvesey Palace, Wincester, England at age 72 719,720
- Buried: Wincester Cathedral 720
Noted events in his life were:
• First papal appointment, Jan 1397. 721 Henry was appointed Dean of Wells Cathedral in Somerset at the age of 20. This was probably at the request of John of Gaunt. This first appointment launched a spectacular and meteoric career in the Church.
• Oxford Chancellor, Apr 1397. 722 Henry was appointed Chancellor of Oxford University.
• Career, 1404-1432, England. 720 Henry was the most dynamic of Katherine's sons. In 1404 he was made the Bishop of Winchester and stood high in the councils of Kings Hnery IV and V. He bacame enormously rich and influential in the process and it has been said that he was probably the greatest royal creditor of the age.
Henry narrowly missed becoming pope in 1418. He became a cardinal in 1426.
• Joan of Arc, 1431. 720 Henry was one of the judges who condemned Joan of Arc to be burned at the stake.
• Offices. 723 Henry became bishop of Lincoln in 1398, and then of Wincester in 1404. For more than forty years, until his death in 1447, he was one of the foremost politicians in England. First appointed chancellor of England in 1403, he was to hold that post under three successive kings and after Henry V's death in 1422, he was one of the leading figures on the council which governed England during Henry VI's long minority.
Henry's death deprived England of its wisest and most experienced administrator at a time when his guiding hand was sorely needed.